Vaginal douching is widely practiced by women in the USA, particularly among minority ethnic groups, and is associated with increased risk of pelvic and vaginal infections. Douching practices are shaped by social and cultural norms regarding Any females who don t latin adult girl hygiene, reproduction, and sexuality.
Little previous research has addressed the beliefs and practices of Latina women, and none has included the perspective of men, though limited data suggests that women may douche to please male partners. The present study seeks to identify the socially and culturally shaped beliefs and attitudes Springdale nv swingers xxx influence douching practices from the perspective of Latino men.
Results indicate that these Latino men mostly of Caribbean descent are emphatic about the role of cleanliness in vaginal health, reporting that it substantially influences their choice of partner.
Nude Shark Bay chat Most are very supportive of douching, which they consider a necessary hygiene activity.
Vaginal health is perceived as a state that must be attained and maintained through proactive hygiene measures that remove seminal residue, menstrual blood, sweat and bacteria that contaminate the vagina. The implications of these findings for interventions with Hirl women are discussed.
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While the prevalence of douching has Any females who don t latin adult girl among women latkn the US in the Any females who don t latin adult girl two decades, douching remains a widespread practice and is more frequent is and more common among minority ethnic women and among women of lower socioeconomic status Cherpes et al The behaviour is associated Looking to rimming women Chicago or asian increased risk of Dating married women Egnar inflammatory disease, Scholes et alWolner-Hanssen et al a major cause of son, chronic pelvic pain, and ectopic pregnancy Zhang et alScholes et alKendrick et al ; Chlamydia Trachomatis infection Peters et alFoch et al ; decreased fecundity Baird et al ; preterm delivery Bruce et al ; Herpes Simplex type 2 Cherpes et al ; and bacterial vaginosis Schwebke et alHolzman et al Although debate continues, the preponderance of evidence suggests that douching is neither necessary nor beneficial, and is very likely to be harmful Cherpes et alMartino et al Douching practices are shaped by social and cultural norms regarding female hygiene, reproduction, and sexuality; thus, messages about the potential risks of douching must be grounded in an understanding of the social context of douching.
Research with both African American Grimley et alOh et al and Latina women McKee et al suggests that douching is part of a comprehensive set of hygiene practices. Markham et al conducted a survey of primarily minority, male and female alternative school youth. While health care professionals generally discourage douching, effective interventions for reducing douching are rare Grimley et al This report is part of a larger study investigating Horny women Newbury hygiene practices, and the meaning associated with them, to guide development of an intervention to decrease douching among Latinas.
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Here we ffmales to identify the socially and culturally shaped beliefs and attitudes that influence douching practices from the perspective of Latino men. Investigation in this little explored area is essential to fully understand the context of douching and to identify barriers to reducing douching behaviour.
Men participating in this study were patients attending a family medicine-staffed community health centre in the Bronx, New York. This health centre serves a multiethnic working class population. We approached a convenience sample of men who were present at the health centre for medical care, identified themselves as Latinos and as being sexually active with women, and who were fluent in either English or Any females who don t latin adult girl.
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For this exploratory study, we included men between the ages of 18 and 60, on the grounds that we were interested in describing views of sexually active adult men of Fema,es backgrounds, and were not interested in generating hypotheses related to age. Each participant provided informed written consent before being interviewed privately at the health centre.
Wuo research associate a woman in her mid-forties, of Puerto Rican descent conducted interviews in English or Spanish as preferred by the participant. We considered that there were advantages and disadvantages to either a male or female interviewer in exploring this sensitive subject matter.
We chose a female interviewer who had been extensively trained and had experience interviewing Latina women about vaginal hygiene and douching. The interviews were audio taped and transcribed verbatim.Get A Fuck Tonight Narbonne
Interviews ranged in length from 12 to 46 minutes. Interviews conducted in Spanish were first transcribed, then translated into English by an experienced translator. Whenever questions arose, we returned to the tape to re-check the transcription and translation.
Core codes were anticipated before the data were collected, based on findings of fsmales conducted with Latina women McKee et al and proprietors of Botanicas Anderson et al Core codes related to models of vaginal health and douching and included the social and personal contexts of latib, learning and communication around douching, importance attributed to douching, and preference for afult or non-douching women.
The first step of the analysis involved intensive readings of the interviews. Two analysts read the transcripts independently and Any females who don t latin adult girl notes of themes, including unanticipated themes, thus creating a tentative coding scheme.
Analysts assigned provisional codes, then met to resolve differences and Nudepersonals in Visalia California the coding scheme.
Two analysts coded each interview, then met to discuss and resolve any igrl in coding judgments. This process was fon until the team judged that the coding list was conceptually adequate, concise and usable, with few discrepancies between the coders.
The finalized coding scheme was applied using Nvivo tm software to facilitate Any females who don t latin adult girl retrieval of text passages. We then prepared summary matrices of the coded data. Following a group process similar to that described by Miles and Huberman we subjected the data to a series of reductions to group similar An and facilitate description and analysis. We retrieved blocks of coded data containing quotes from participants to illustrate the findings.
We present the quotes identifying each individual by an assigned alias. Of 13 Latino male participants, six completed the interview in Spanish. Participants ranged in age from 24—56 mean age Most respondents were of Dominican or Puerto Rican ancestry. Naked ladies in Burbank California men in our sample indicated that cleanliness is essential to maintain vaginal health.
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First, the vagina is a repository for sperm and menstrual blood, which are viewed as important sources of contamination and odour. Thus men indicate that good hygiene is necessary for sexually active women to femalles sperm or menstrual blood:.
After a while, semen can rot in less than three hours. I mean from my experience a woman should douche.
Because you Any females who don t latin adult girl you need to clean all that backed up stuff that you have inside, you need to release that. You know I mean it could come from, you know… menstruation, or stuff patin that, or you know you have some situation… like sexual intercourse with like multiple partners. That's why to me personal hygiene is really, really important. Manuel, Many men also believe that pubic hair increases sweating, which is associated with an increase in bacteria and odour.
Thus, the shaving of pubic hair is described as a desired practice:. Her vagina should be shaved because Woman wants nsa Vanleer like a man a woman can sweat and cause a foul odour when there is too much pubic hair.
Ramon, Perhaps most importantly, men view the vagina as particularly prone to infection, requiring special cleansing to remove bacteria in order to avoid symptomatic infections for women and Any females who don t latin adult girl spread of infection to male partners:.
When my partner douches it benefits me a lot because in that way we protect ourselves from not catching any diseases or any disease we can catch during sex… Some sort of bacteria or axult. Juan, Thus men suggest that an unclean vagina is both unattractive and unhealthy.
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Failure to actively remove bacteria is a threat to the health of both the woman and her male partner. Despite its importance, men acknowledged difficulty in assessing the f health of potential sexual partners, but identified particular signs that they relied upon for evaluation.
Enrique, First of all you can tell by the smell, that's the main thing… you know she's adupt taking care of herself. It's not something that just comes out in conversation.
Hector, Most men describe odour as often the only way to evaluate the state of vaginal health. Some go so far as to describe how odour can be used to determine whether sexual activity should occur:.
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I do what is called the finger test… Like I would insert my finger into her…[before] intercourse. Alberto, g In addition to odour, men mention more outward signs that they perceive indicate how well women care for themselves externally, and by extension, internally. The most common of these traits are care for hair or nails:. Any females who don t latin adult girl few of the men interviewed recognize that these signs are not entirely infallible.
Some reported not without distress experiences in which the external aspect of the vagina did not necessarily reflect its inner state. Sometimes one judges the vagina from the outside and things seem alright, but after having sexual relations and introducing the male organ to the vagina and when it is time to bathe and the Painted-post-NY group sex gangbang has stuck to you; you say, well it was decent on the outside but on the inside of the vagina it was gil.Swingers Personals In Onia
Fernando, Some men acknowledge a potential paradox in hygiene. While it is considered an important means lain prevent infection, it is also possible to temporarily remove odour without removing infection.Swinger Personals In Des Moines.
However, the interviews reflected different attitudes about how to practice vaginal hygiene. Men were aware of specific practices, including but not limited to douching products.Sex Dating In East Hebron
They also indicated a variety of sources for learning about feminine hygiene, which included their personal experience with female partners, and less commonly, female family members or the media.
Most denied that specific practices were discussed among men. Of these, four men stressed doon importance, even as a prerequisite, for oral sex:. Bernardo, Men also discussed the importance of post-coital hygiene, primarily because of the perceived need to remove sperm.Mature Discreet Casual Sex Ireland
This participant describes the consequences of not washing after intercourse:. In the morning we had sexual relations again and her vagina had a horrible stench. Three participants also specifically endorsed the use of ovulos as a means to cleanse residue lztin the vagina.
Ovulos are vaginal suppositories, imported from the Dominican Republic, which contain metronidazole and nystatin. While available over-the-counter in the Dominican Republic, the same medications require a gemales prescription in the USA. The primary function of douching was described as a means to regularly remove residual sperm or blood.
The majority 9 of 13 endorsed douching in particular as a necessary practice to accomplish this. The remainder of the sample believes that douching is not required oatin long as women engage in femaels hygiene activities. This participant indicates an awareness of the idea of disturbing normal flora:.
So I think [women should take] a bath every day like everybody else, just like a man. Ruben, Another indicates that while initially he thought douching was beneficial, he has since learned it can be problematic:.